Maintaining a food diary helps to maintain nutritional self-assessment. A food diary is a daily log of what an individual eats and drinks each day. This helps the individual to understand their eating habits. Besides, it helps the individual to realize what they consume hence they can make appropriate changes to their diets hence improve their weight. Nutritional self-assessment is a document that an individual prepares to keep track of their daily food consumption. This document shows what an individual consumes, the amount, and the time in which they have their meals.
THINGS TO INCLUDE WHEN MAINTAINING A FOOD DIARY
When maintaining a food diary, it is important to include the following things. What an individual is eating includes specific foods and beverages.it also includes the method of preparation, for instance, baked, boiled, or fried. The diary also includes how much the individual eats. This is a list of the amount using household measures. Like in the nutritional self-assessment, the diary contains when an individual east. Time is also important in identifying potential problematic times such as late-night snacks. Moreover, it includes what the individual does while eating. For instance, is he or she on TV, computer or talking with friends or family?
IMPORTANCE OF NUTRITIONAL SELF ASSESSMENT FOR PATIENTS
Nutritional self-assessment is important for patients since it helps to identify patients with high nutritional risk or poor nutritional status at hospital admission. This information helps in the administration of registered dietitians or other professional staff for the intervention of patients at risk. It also defines a patient’s nutritional status, therefore, identify clinically relevant malnutrition and monitoring changes in the patient’s nutritional status. While maintaining a food diary, self-assessment records anthropometric, dietary, and biochemical measurement and other nutritional assessment components.