This report reviews the UK constitutional law and the purpose of reform for a better parliament. Constitutional law sets out how we govern our country. Reforms make Parliament more effective. This means allowing Members to make the best use of their time. Another purpose of reforms is to balance Members’ various commitments in the House and its Committees. This is through the increasing workload and demands in their constituencies. The key role of Parliament within constitutional law is to pass laws on a variety of topics. Laws in the constitution also affect how different parts of government interact with each other and the people.
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ROLE OF PARLIAMENT IN UK CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
According to UK constitutional law, Parliament consists of three main bodies. It has two houses in its seat in Westminster – the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The third body is its head – the Sovereign. A key concept that underpins the role of Parliament in constitutional law is parliamentary sovereignty. Since there is nothing higher than Parliament in the UK, the agreement of all three of these bodies is required for Parliament to pass laws. The Law Commission reviews areas of law to determine the purpose of reforms. They decide in conjunction with the relevant Government department.
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THE FUNCTIONS OF PARLIAMENT
Parliament is a central institution within UK constitutional law. Parliament debates scrutinises and approves laws proposed by the government for England. They can also pass laws in some areas in other parts of the country, such as Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. However, there is a limitation of the role of Parliament in these regions. They have devolved Parliaments and Assemblies. Therefore, they govern some issues locally. For example, Scotland has the power to decide its laws on education, Wales can change its housing policies, and Northern Ireland has control over health and social services. For the purpose of reforms, the Law Commission undertakes a study of the area of law in question, then identifies its defects.
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