The role of democracy in disaster preparedness is crucial if countries want to end the recurring issues it faces, Disaster preparedness refers to measures taken by organizations to prepare for and mitigate impacts of natural or human-made disasters. Disaster preparedness is crucial, especially for countries. With an increasing global population, mega-cities, climate change, and poverty, a growing number of people face the impact of catastrophes. Proper disaster relief measures are, therefore, very relevant in numerous countries and especially the disaster preparedness programs. Countries experiencing violent conflict or fragile governance are less able to respond to disasters and adapt to climate change. Many hazards occur in fragile states and conflict-affected situations, accounting for a high proportion of disaster-impacted populations annually. Lastly, the role of democracy in disaster preparedness needs the proper attention it deserves.
THE IMPACT OF DISASTER PREPAREDNESS ON DEMOCRACY
Disaster preparedness is good for democracy, as illustrated in how the government handled a recent hurricane in the Northeast. The Northeast hurricane saw many netizens left without power, which was dangerous, especially for the aged and disabled. Additionally, with significant storms likely to increase, it’s time the government and individuals get more severe about better disaster planning. One of the disaster relief measures required is to step up efforts to organize citizens to prepare for emergencies. The proposal will involve individuals joining volunteer corps that stand at the ready. Measures already in place for the hurricane disaster included a Community Emergency Response Team Program. Additionally, the government created the citizen’s corps, which is coordinated by FEMA to help prepare disasters and large-scale attacks. The role of democracy in disaster preparedness is evident in the programs created by the government for combating disasters.
HOW THE ROLE OF DEMOCRACY HAS AFFECTED DISASTER MANAGEMENT
The role of democracy in disaster preparedness, as witnessed in the Harvey hurricane, is not favorable. Public safety and politics are intertwined often during such situations. The intertwinement is because victims rely on the government to help them prepare for and recover from natural disasters. Once people move past the photos of politicians looking compassionate in the aftermath of a disaster, polls are next. Disaster relief measures are useful as a determinant in the elections by voters who were victims of the accidents. In 2009, therefore, social scientists concluded that the government could invest disaster money before or after a crisis. Healy and Malhotra argued that U.S. presidential election is a good proxy for analyzing whether voters reward disaster spending. This kind of disaster politics is getting on the way of disaster preparedness.