For this assignment, we will analyze action plans based on the health challenges and projects in Indonesia. Indonesia consists of approximately 17 000 islands, located between Asia and Australia. Therefore, with a population of 264 million people, the health issues in Indonesia are numerous. Additionally, Indonesia has the same life expectancy as the rest of the world. However, their mortality rate is higher compared to most countries in the world. Communicable diseases in Indonesia constitute a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Hence, nearly 250 people die of tuberculosis (TB) every day, with over half a million new cases estimated to occur every year. Some projects are focused on community empowerment in Indonesia to create awareness of health issues.
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NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES (NCDs) IN ADOLESCENTS IN INDONESIA
In the fight against communicable diseases in Indonesia, non-communicable diseases are of significant concern as well. They are now the chief cause of death and disability in most countries, including Indonesia. Therefore, it is imperative to promote community empowerment in Indonesia to fight against these diseases. Poor mental health is a leading contributor to the burden of illness experienced by Indonesian adolescents. Also, scholars researching health issues in Indonesia should improve their knowledge regarding the burden of NCDs and associated risks. This, therefore, includes building evidence bases to inform innovative and effective public health programming.
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HEALTH CHALLENGES AND INDONESIA’S ROAD TO UNIVERSAL HEALTH COVERAGE
The fight against health issues in Indonesia faces difficulties in domestic political interests. Political commitments precede planning based on scientific evidence or analysis. This makes it challenging to undertake community empowerment in Indonesia. However, decentralization opened up a space for policy experimentation. This allowed the development of multiple models of health coverage at the district level. Media attention and politicians who sought votes helped to spread the more successful models. These models mainly included coverage for communicable diseases in Indonesia. However, there was poor capturing and sharing of this information. Health financing in Indonesia is also not enough to cover the health challenges and projects in Indonesia.
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