This essay discusses the functions and importance of human resource management. Managers in this field help businesses meet the challenges of an expanding and competitive business sector by ensuring they hire and maintain the right people. This way, organizations can achieve their mission and objectives. There are various types of human resources involved in the managerial and operative activities of the company. Planning helps managers to determine in advance the personnel requirements, programs, and policies that guide firms toward the overall goals and objectives. Through the evolution of human resource management, managers are beginning to focus on more than the technical aspects of hiring, evaluating, training, and compensating employees.
HISTORY AND EVOLUTION OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
During earlier stages of the evolution of human resource management, companies considered it a “staff” function. The field did not focus much on the relationship between different employment practices and their impact on overall organizational performance. At the time, the types of human resources were quite few. HRM developed in response to the substantial increase in competitive pressures on organizations. Several factors resulted in this competition, including globalization, deregulation, and rapid technological changes. Since then, the functions of human resource management evolved to include strategic planning. This is a process of anticipating future changes in the environmental conditions and aligning different components of the organization in such a way as to promote organizational effectiveness.
FUNCTIONS AND IMPORTANCE AND HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CAREERS
There are several types of human resources involved in recruitment and selection, compensation and benefits, health and safety, and labor and employee relations. Therefore, other careers in the field include the personnel involved in training and development, risk management, and organizations’ top managers and directors. Through the evolution of human resource management, managers in these careers work to ensure a robust human resource team. Additionally, recruitment teams write job advertisements, screen resumes, interview candidates, and make hiring recommendations to managers. For increased employee productivity, the human resource management department must ensure the maintenance of health and safety measures. Lastly, this helps to prevent workplace accidents and occupational illnesses.