The lessons learned from Hurricane Maria helped to improve disaster mitigation in Puerto Rico. Lessons learned revolved around the factors of response time and public health in Puerto Rico. Additionally, decision-makers had to come up with ways to improve disaster management capacity in Puerto Rico. One of the decisions made was to improve public health. Lack of medical care and un operational electrical appliances after the loss of power results in Many deaths during Hurricane Maria. There are numerous uncertainties facing disaster decision-makers. Therefore, governments and disaster management authorities must put measures in place to respond to disasters in time.
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HURRICANE MARIA DISASTER CONSEQUENCES AND RESPONSE
Hurricane Maria saw more than 5,000 people lose their lives. The lessons learned from Hurricane Maria made more than 130,000 Puerto Ricans leave their homes. Up to date, a considerable number of Puerto Ricans have no access to electricity. The federal government promised to come up with ways to improve disaster management capacity in Puerto Rico. Therefore, the government ought to respond adequately after numerous debates regarding Hurricane Maria. The storm destroyed lives and infrastructure, with lasting consequences for public health, mental health, and long-term physical health outcomes. When dealing with uncertainties facing disaster decision-makers, they must consider the changing climate and government priorities when responding to disasters.
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DISASTER MITIGATION IN PUERTO RICO & DISASTER AUTHORITIES IN THE UNITED STATES
Various disaster management authorities and institutions published reports of ways to improve disaster management capacity in Puerto Rico. Federal spending estimates come from congressional appropriations and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) records. Also, according to reports, FEMA was ill-prepared to manage a crisis outside the continental United States. Such were some of the uncertainties facing disaster decision-makers at FEMA. There were inadequate appropriations for the disaster in Puerto Rico. However, FEMA wrote, ‘The work of emergency management does not belong just to FEMA.’ They emphasized that the lessons learned from Hurricane Maria are the responsibility of the community, governments, and private sector partners.
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