Fill in order details

  • Submit your instructions
    to writers for free!
  • Start receiving proposals from writers

Order bidding

  • Chat with preferred expert writers
  • Request a preview of your paper
    from them for free

Choose writer & reserve money

  • Hire the most suitable writer to
    complete your order
  • Reserve money for paying

Work process

  • View the progress
  • Give suggestions
  • Pay only for approved parts

A Complex Duality. best 2023

A Complex Duality

A Complex Duality; Australia has long been a welcoming, tolerant, and multicultural nation. Cities like Sydney and Melbourne, celebrated as some of the most ethnically diverse in the world, symbolize Australia’s commitment to embracing cultural pluralism. Nevertheless, when examining the nation’s immigration and refugee policies, a multifaceted duality emerges. This essay discovers the range to which Australia’s openness to variety is reflected in its present-day migrant and refugee policies, utilizing examples to illustrate this multifaceted relationship.

A Complex Duality: The Multicultural Identity of Australia

A History of Migration

Post-WWII Immigration: Australia’s post-World War II immigration program shaped its multicultural identity, with waves of migrants from Europe and Asia contributing to its cultural richness.

The “Migrant Nation”: Australia’s self-image as a “migrant nation” has been ingrained in its national identity, emphasizing diversity as a source of strength.

  1. Multicultural Policies

Official Recognition: Australia officially recognized multiculturalism as a policy in 1972, acknowledging the worth of cultural diversity and promoting equal opportunities for all residents.

Harmony and Social Cohesion: Multicultural policies foster social peace by celebrating diversity, promoting respect, and combating discrimination.

A Complex Duality: Immigration Policies and Their Impact on Diversity

  1. Stringent Border Control

The “Pacific Solution”: Australia’s policy of intercepting and detaining asylum seekers in offshore detention centers, such as those in Papua New Guinea and Nauru, has drawn international criticism for its harshness.

Refugee Resettlement: The reduction in Australia’s humanitarian refugee consumption over the years, including the temporary suspension of resettlement from Africa, has directly impacted the nation’s demographic diversity.

  1. Selective Immigration Criteria

Skill-Based Migration: Australia’s stress on skill-based immigration has led to the incursion of highly skilled professionals, contributing positively to the economy but hypothetically limiting diversity in other areas.

A Complex Duality: Restrictions on Family Reunion: Stricter criteria for family reunion visas can lead to prolonged separation of migrant families.

Examples Illustrating the Disconnect

  1. Indigenous Disadvantage


Historical Inequities: Indigenous Australians continue to experience significant disparities in education, health, and socioeconomic status, raising questions about the nation’s commitment to inclusivity.

Refugee Communities: Some Indigenous communities have demonstrated support for refugees and asylum seekers, highlighting a willingness to extend the hand of solidarity to those in need.

  1. Cultural Clash

Xenophobia and Discrimination: Incidents of racism and discrimination, mainly targeting individuals of Asian and Middle Eastern descent, have highlighted a troubling undercurrent of intolerance.

Counter-Narratives: Grassroots initiatives and community-led efforts to combat discrimination reflect the broader society’s commitment to inclusivity and tolerance.

A Complex Duality: The Role of Public Opinion

  1. Polarized Perspectives

Public Sentiment: Public view on immigration and refugee policies in Australia differs widely, with some advocating for more compassionate policies and others supporting stricter border control.

Political Influence: Political leaders frequently respond to shifting public sentiment, influencing the trajectory of immigration and refugee policies.

  1. Civil Society

Advocacy Groups: Organizations and activists dedicated to human rights and social justice continue to push for more inclusive policies and greater acceptance of refugees and migrants.

Community Initiatives: Grassroots initiatives, such as volunteer groups that support refugees, demonstrate civil society’s role in fostering a welcoming environment.

Conclusion to A Complex Duality

Australia’s multicultural identity, exemplified by its diverse cities and official multicultural policies, is a source of pride and strength. However, a closer examination of immigration and refugee policies reveals a complex duality. Stricter border control measures, selective immigration criteria, and instances of discrimination highlight the tension between Australia’s multicultural values and its policies.

While it is clear that Australia has taken steps to welcome and celebrate cultural diversity, it also faces significant challenges in reconciling this commitment with its immigration and refugee policies. Achieving a harmonious balance between national security concerns, economic considerations, and humanitarian values remains complex. Public opinion and civil society play crucial roles in shaping the nation’s policies and ensuring that Australia’s multicultural identity remains true to its values of tolerance, inclusivity, and compassion. Ultimately, the ongoing dialogue and efforts to bridge this divide will determine how Australia’s multiculturalism is reflected in its approach to migrants and refugees.

References to A Complex Duality

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2022). Cultural diversity of Australia | Australian Bureau of Statistics. [online] Available at:

Cornish, R. and Phillips, K. (2023). How Did This Country Go from ‘White Australia’ to a Multicultural Nation? ABC News. [online] 23 Mar. Available at:

A Complex Duality

What our customers say

Laurence HLaurence H
After I ordered a dissertation from your writing service, the first paper that I was given did not met my professor’s demand. I set the paper on revision and the writer made the revision for free meeting all my requirements and I was very satisfied.
James USAJames USA
“After I ordered a dissertation from your writing service, the first paper that I was given did not met my professor’s demand. I set the paper on revision and the writer made the revision for free meeting all my requirements and I was very satisfied.
David UKDavid UK
I was shocked by how your writers managed to deliver my paper on time, and I was among the best in our class in that paper. Thank you so much and I will never hesitate to use you